Articles

Bosch says the future is the Internet of Things

German appliance maker creates separate firm to design sensors for its own products and for the market as a whole

Computerworld, Dec 24, 2013

Bosch, a company best known as a maker of appliances, including stoves, dishwashers, washing machines and coffee makers, is increasing its focus on the Internet of Things.

Germany-based Bosch has created a new firm, Bosch Connected Devices and Solutions, “for the Internet of things and services.”

The Internet of Things will deliver its benefits gradually, one appliance upgrade at a time.

Sensor rich devices monitoring Web-enabled apps can put the worried homeowner at ease. ‘Did I remember to turn the stove off before leaving the house? Is the refrigerator door open?’ The Internet of Things will provide the answer.

The Internet of Things will automate many actions. For instance, a smart home can be tied into weather reporting and use the information to automatically close windows and shutters in advance of a storm.

The new Bosch firm will develop sensors and actuators. The latter can convert electric signals from sensors or control units into physical action, the company said.

A goal of the new firm is to supply “compact electronic products and software expertise” intended to make devices and objects “intelligent and Web-enabled.”

Bosch is also a tech company that makes MEMS, or microelectromechanical systems. MEMS can detect changes in an environment, such as motion. An accelerometer, used in smartphones to sense when the device has been rotated, is such a sensor.

Bosch says it is the world’s largest supplier of MEMS sensors in terms of revenue.

Bosch will be demonstrating some its ideas at next month’s Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.

“The introduction of MEMS sensors in automotive electronics in the 1980s and 1990s marked the first wave of growth. The second major wave has been their widespread incorporation in smart phones, tablets, and games consoles since the beginning of the 21st century – and the Internet of Things and services now heralds the third wave. We’re convinced that it will far surpass the first two waves,” said Volkmar Denner, chairman of Robert Bosch GmbH, in a statement.

“Sensors, signal processing, batteries, and transmitters have become so small, energy efficient, and inexpensive – even as all-in-one units – that they can be used in their billions. And at the same time radio networks are now available almost everywhere,” he added.

Patrick Thibodeau covers SaaS and enterprise applications, outsourcing, government IT policies, data centers and IT workforce issues for Computerworld. Follow Patrick on Twitter at Twitter@DCgov, or subscribe to Patrick’s RSS feed Thibodeau RSS. His email address is pthibodeau@computerworld.com

http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9244997/Bosch_says_the_future_is_the_Internet_of_Things?source=CTWNLE_nlt_pm_2013-12-24

When the World Becomes the Web: Wired Magazine

IPSO Member Companies Ericsson and ARM are featured in the July 2013 issue of Wired Magazine

Jan Holler, Principal researcher, Ericsson Labs: “Imagine real-world objects can perform tasks for you via the web. Open community efforts, such as the Contiki operating system, combine with cloud services such as xively.com to share data-feeds. We need to scale this up.”

Krisztian Flautner, VP of R&D, ARM: “The IoT reminds me of the web in the 90s, when many killer apps existed in embryonic form. Intellisense.io simplifies collecting data from connected tech, and Neul deploys a cost-effective wireless network for IoT devices.”

This article was taken from the July 2013 issue of Wired magazine

http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2013/07/everything-is-connected/when-the-world-becomes-the-web/viewgallery/305792

Self-powered Contiki Power Sensor Wins IPSO 2013 Challenge: Wireless Sensor Networks Blog

Need to know how much power that flows through a specific power cord, and see the information directly on your smartphone? That’s exactly what the Contiki-based winner of the IPSO 2013 challenge does. Just clip on the sensor on cord and see the data from anywhere in the world – the sensor sends the measurements wirelessly and securely across the Internet. Best of all: no batteries need to be replaced, ever, as the sensor is completely self-powered.

The wireless power sensor, developed by Redwire Consulting, Boston, MA, won the IPSO 2013 Challenge last week. Aside the fame and recognition, winning the competition also included a $10000 USD check.

The sensor that is clipped-on to an power cord measures the current flowing through the wire and sends the data wirelessly to a cloud server, hosted at lowpan.com. By using Contiki and its IPv6 stack, the sensor can send its readings directly to the cloud, without having any protocol translator boxes involved.

IPSO 2013 Challenge chairman Nick Ashworth said “The innovation, simplicity and end-to-end utilization of IP technology made this entry stand out to the judges.”

The Redwire system was not the only Contiki-based system to compete in the IPSO 2013 challenge. The full list of entries can be found here.

More info here.

Read the original article: http://wsnblog.com/2013/06/24/self-powered-contiki-power-sensor-wins-ipso-2013-challenge/

EE Times.com: Sensor network designs win IoT contest

SAN JOSE, Calif. –A wireless door lock sensor, a universal LED driver
for streetlights and an energy-harvesting current sensor were winners in a contest geared to promote the emerging Internet of Things.

All three winners used IP over 802.15.4 networks. The IPSO Alliance, a trade group promoting Internet Protocol for smart objects, hosted the contest.

First place went to the Energy Harvesting Transformer from Redwire Consulting, a self-powered current sensor that clips to any
wire and wirelessly connects to the Internet. A Redwire customer aims to have 1,500 of the devices deployed in 100 buildings by the end of the year to ease the job of monitoring energy use.

The CMD Asset Management system from Colorado Micro Devices took second place. The wireless network includes a door lock sensor that can be added to any deadbolt and a sensor that detects an asset as it moves around a network.

“If this was on the market today, I would purchase it to take advantage of IP enabled home security,” said Geoff Mulligan,
Chairman of the Alliance.

Third place went to a group from Spain’s University of Murcia that developed a universal driver for LED streetlights. The Smart Driver controls LED lights that span a range between 350-700mA and 0-120W. It also provides a platform to connect other sensors.

“The quality of implementation and functionality of the prototype was very impressive,” said Tom Herbst, an IPSO board member.

Read the original article: http://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1263286

ZigBee Alliance Unveils Standard for IPv6-Based Mesh Network

The ZigBee Alliance has launched its third specification, ZigBee IP, for an IPv6-based wireless mesh networking service and provides internet connections to control low-power devices. ZigBee IP specification enhances the IEEE 802.15.4 standard by adding network and security layers and an application framework. ZigBee IP offers architecture with IPv6 networking, laying the foundation for an Internet of Things. It offers wireless mesh network based on standard internet protocols, such as 6LoWPAN, IPv6, PANA, RPL, TCP, TLS and UDP. It also features security using TLS1.2 protocol, link layer frame security based on AES-128-CCM algorithm and support for public infrastructure using standard X.509 v3 certificates and ECC-256 cipher suite. ZigBee IP continues the ZigBee tradition of self-organising and self-healing mesh networking to enable communications over 2.4 GHz frequency as well as over the 868/915/920 MHz frequencies in select countries. Exegin, Silicon Labs and Texas Instruments provided Golden Units against which all future ZigBee Certified products using the ZigBee IP specification will be tested. Grid2Home and Sensinode achieved ZigBee Compliant platform status. Testing services were provided by NTS, TRaC and TUV Rheinland.

Link to the original article.

Everything Will Have An IP Address

Everything will have an IP address, says NXP CEO, Rick Clemmer

Link to Original Article

Getting all electronic devices, from cars to LED lights, connected to the web is important if we are to create the Internet of Things, says Rick Clemmer, CEO, NXP Semiconductors.

As the rise of online and mobile communications has enabled us to be more connected with each other than ever before, so the physical environments we move through and inhabit are also becoming increasingly connected and intelligent – with corresponding concerns arising about security.

By creating an ‘Internet of Things’, where appliances, devices and systems can talk to each other, and be securely accessed and controlled from anywhere for privacy protection, we are creating new ways of living, working and traveling that save money, time and energy.

AdTech Ad

By connecting and controlling the world around us in a smart and secure way, and making ‘things’ aware and adaptive to their environment, we can make our lives easier, more efficient, more secure, and less resource dependent.

Take our vision of the smart home, where every electrical device and even every light bulb has its own IP address, allowing them to be controlled remotely and securely via smartphone, tablet PC or TV.

From using NFC-based electronic locks to control access to your home, to smart appliances that automatically monitor energy consumption for optimal power savings, the possibilities are tremendous.

For instance, imagine being able to precisely control the temperature, air quality and humidity in your home or check who’s at your front door via remote IP camera.

AdTech Ad

Another exciting area of innovation is the ‘connected car’. Cars that ‘think’ can help the driver select the best, most energy efficient route to a destination, and significantly reduce the number of road accidents.

By extending in-vehicle networking systems to the traffic infrastructure via a secure protected wireless connection, road signs and cars can talk to one another to regulate the flow of traffic and warn drivers of hazards up ahead.

Interoperability is going to be a major strategic imperative going forward.

With major developments on the horizon such as the smart grid roll-out across Europe, we remain focused on delivering intelligent, secure and energy-efficient solutions that will benefit all our lives.

Our theme at this year’s Electronica will be ‘Connect, Control, Conserve’, with a particular focus on key application areas such as security, connected devices, energy efficiency and healthcare.

www.nxp.com

Silver Spring Networks: Whitepaper – Smart Grid Standards

The Imperative for the Smart Energy Network

Modern, intelligent, global energy networks are essential to driving greater energy efficiency, increasing integration of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar, and accelerating economic and social progress in the 21st century. Innovative and forward-thinking utilities are making great strides in creating smart energy networks that operate at scale and contribute real-world results to their bottom line, delivering energy efficiency and operational efficiency with an increase in consumer satisfaction.

Smart grid networks yield their full potential benefits when based on open standards. Standards enable interoperability, which in turn ensures that the broadest possible set of products work together. Standard technologies deliver a wide range of benefits to customers, most important of which is vendor independence. Customers benefit from greater choice because of heightened competition, as well as higher quality solutions, lower pricing, and reduced risk by avoiding vendor lock in. Standards also open a market to new players and speed the pace of innovation.

Continue Reading…

IPSO Alliance Successfully Demonstrates Internet of Things Interoperability

IETF Journal, October 2012, Volume 8, Issue 2:

Summary of the sixth interoperability event held in Vancouver, showcasing Web-enabled smart object from multiple vendors, each exchanging application payloads in an interoperable manner based on the IPSO application framework.

Read Full Article: http://www.internetsociety.org/articles/ipso-alliance-successfully-demonstrates-internet-things-interoperability

 

Taking advantage of World IPv6 Launch: Practical ways to add more IPv6 to your network

From Cisco

What is World IPv6 Launch?World_IPv6_launch_banner_128.png

World IPv6 Launch is a worldwide effort led by the Internet Society to drive up adoption of the IPv6 protocol. On June 6, 2012, hundreds of websites and dozens of Internet Service Providers will permanently configure their services to allow the use of the IPv6 protocol for all users.

Why is this important? The Internet Protocol that we use today (IPv4) has run out of addresses and future growth of the Internet depends on transitioning to the new protocol, especially as we look at the explosion in mobile devices and the emergence of the Internet of Things.

 

There are three major types of participants in World IPv6 Launch:

  • Website Operators: Organizations that operate web sites or web site services.
  • Network Operators: Organizations that provide Internet connectivity.
  • Home Router Vendors: Organizations that provide routers for consumer or small office/home office connectivity.

 

Each party serves a pivotal role to drive up IPv6 adoption.

How Do I Make My Own Web Site Accessible By IPv6?

Many websites utilize some third party provider to host web content. If that is your situation, see if your provider is on the World IPv6 Launch Participants List and then contact them to demand IPv6 capability! Most well prepared web service providers have a plan to go live on World IPv6 Launch day, and in some cases all you have to do is ask.

 

If you run your own web server, you have three options:

  • Natively install IPv6 capability on your web server and in your internal network up to the web server. This can be complex, especially since you will need to work to ensure that you have adequate security set up throughout the path to the host and on the host itself.
  • Utilize a Server Load Balancer with SLB64 at the edge of your network. For example, the Cisco Application Control Engine can terminate IPv6 connections and convert them into IPv4 without any changes required on your current IPv4 web server. See Deploying Deploying IPv6 in the Internet Edge for more details on this approach.
  • Employ a Content Distribution Network to convert the IPv6 to IPv4 while still “in the cloud.” Many major content distribution networks will provide IPv6 to IPv4 translation as part of their load balancing and caching services.

How Can I Access Web Sites Using IPv6?

In order to reach IPv6 hosts, you need to activate IPv6 on your network. To do that, your Internet Service Provider (ISP) needs to provide native IPv6 connectivity or else you need to build a tunnel over the IPv4 network to an IPv6 capable network. While you can use tunnels, the imminent approach of World IPv6 Launch should encourage you to pressure your current ISP to offer native IPv6 connectivity into your network. Once again, check the World IPv6 Launch Participants List to see if your provider participates..

 

Once you have been assigned an IPv6 prefix from your service provider, you can activate parts of your network to use IPv6 simply by setting up a specific IPv6 prefix on each router interface. There are several strategies to do so, depending on how you want DHCPv6 and IPv6 based DNS to be part of your network. Once a device receives a global IPv6 address, it can communicate to devices on the IPv6 based Internet.

How Can I Test My IPv6 Connectivity?

There are a number of sites you can utilize to test your IPv6 capabilities from a web browser.

 

By pointing your browser to http://test-ipv6.com, a series of tests will provide some insight about the state of your IPv6 connectivity from that browser.

 

By using the similarly named http://ipv6-test.com/, you can see if your favorite websites are accessible by IPv6.

 

The whimsically named http://ipv6chicken.com will test to see if you have an IPv6 Path MTU Discovery issues.

 

And the equally whimsically named http://ipv6eyechart.ripe.net will test your IPv6 connectivity to a collection of dozens of IPv6 enabled sites.

How Do I Know if a Web Site is IPv6 Enabled?

If a web site is advertising a DNS AAAA (“quad-A”) record, the site is enabled for IPv6. You can check for the presence of a AAAA record for a site by using your favorite DNS lookup tools, whether web or host based. There are also web browser plugins available which will conduct DNS lookups for every element of a web page. These plugins work whether you are on an IPv4 or IPv6 network, but they do not indicate how you are actually connecting to the web site. The plugins simply indicate whether or not IPv6 information is available through DNS.

 

However, once you have IPv6 enabled on your network and web browsing host, both Firefox and Chrome offer third-party plugins which analyze the underlying connections and indicate how you are actually connecting to elements of a web page, whether IPv4 or IPv6. For Firefox, the plugin is IPvFox. For Chrome, the plugin is IPvFoo.

What Can Go Wrong?

The most typical failure seen in a dual stacked IPv4 and IPv6 host is a pause while making the initial connection to another dual stacked site. This hang arises from the fact that the state of the art for connecting to dual-stacked sites used to be “Try IPv6 first, and if that fails, THEN fall back to IPv4.” In the case where an IPv6 network path is broken or incomplete, the IPv6 session has to time out before IPv4 takes over, resulting in an irritating pause. There are a series of simple diagnostic procedures to clear up this problem, but the good news is that many modern applications utilize a new IETF standard called Happy Eyeballs which directs a host to simultaneously attempt an initial connection using both IPv4 and IPv6 in order to avoid this issue.

What About My Home Network?

Even though many consumer and small office routers lack strong IPv6 support, a growing number of Cisco Linksys routers are IPv6 Ready. For best in class IPv6 connectivity at home, be sure to harass your service provider about getting native IPv6 connectivity. Wikipedia maintains a pretty good worldwide list of IPv6 enabled ISPs, as does the World IPv6 Launch site. Once you get IPv6, be sure to choose a home router vendor with lots of IPv6 experience.

How Do I Get More Help?

Just ask! The IPv6 Integration and Transition Discussion Group stands ready to answer your questions. The Cisco IPv6 Site is full of hints and tips about deploying IPv6. Look through the Cisco Blogs which have the IPv6 tag as well as the Support Community Blogs on IPv6.

New IEEE Networking Standard Moves Industry toward Interoperability

The recent release of a new global wireless networking standard from IEEE moves the Smart Grid Industry moves the smart grid network one step closer to network interoperability. The IEEE 802.15.4g radio standard, published on April 28, 2012 establishes common and consistent communication specifications for utilities deploying smart grid technologies, enabling interoperable communications between smart grid devices, including smart meters and smart home appliances. The specifications will help enable interoperability in mesh, star, point-to-point or any other topology. Read more: Future Ready Smart Grid Solutions